Conventions on safe third-country nationals are not explicitly mentioned in the 1951 Refugee Convention or the 1967 Protocol on the Status of Refugees. Rather, their legitimacy derives from Article 31 of the 1951 Convention, which states that a refugee should not be punished for illegal entry into a country if he arrives directly from a country where he is threatened. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has itself warned against over-interpreting safe third country agreements, although it acknowledges that they may be acceptable in certain circumstances.  Such ambiguities have prompted some Canadian legal experts to question the legality of the Canada-U.S. safe third country agreement.  There have been concerns about the lack of security legislation to protect refugees in the United States. This security problem and argument give refugees legitimate reasons to turn around in Canada to lead a better life. On December 29, 2005, a group of refugee and human rights organizations (in Canada and the United States) launched legal action against the U.S. claim as a safe third country for asylum seekers. This action was supported by prominent figures such as Justice Michael Phelan of the Federal Court of Canada on November 29, 2007 and many others. Section 102 (2) — On January 30, 2017, critic of immigration, refugees and citizens of Canada (IRCC), Jenny Kwan of the New Democratic Party (NDP), proposed an emergency debate on «President Trump`s immigration and travel ban from seven countries in the Middle East and North Africa.»  During the debate, the NDP called on the government to immediately suspend the agreement on the security of third-country nationals, citing the fact that «Canada can no longer trust that the U.S.
refugee system provides refuge for those at risk of persecution.»  The official Conservative Party of Canada has stated that it will not oppose the suspension of the agreement, while the Green Party of Canada has expressed support for the suspension of the agreement.  Ahmed Hussen, speaking as Canada`s Minister of the IRCC, said the terms of the agreement on the security of third-country nationals were still being met. The ruling Liberal Party of Canada has not indicated any plans or intentions to suspend the agreement.  For all other countries that may be designated as safe third countries in the future: under the agreement, asylum seekers must seek protection from refugees in the first safe country where they arrive, unless they are entitled to a waiver from the agreement. The Safe Third Country Agreement applies to refugee claimants who wish to travel to Canada or the United States at Canada-U.S. border crossings (including rail). It also applies to airports where a person seeking protection in Country B has not been identified as a refugee in Country A and is transiting in Country A as part of his removal.